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How to install an RPM package into a different directory?

A relocatable RPM package can change its installation path during the setup process. Not all RPM packages can be installed into a custom directory. Use the following command to see if a specific package can be relocated.

# rpm -qpi <rpm package> | grep Relocations
To check rpm packages, centos-lsb-1.3-3.1.EL3.i386.rpm and rsync-2.5.7-5.3E.i386.rpm:
# rpm -qpi redhat-lsb-1.3-3.1.EL3.i386.rpm | grep Relocations
Name        : redhat-lsb                   Relocations: (not relocatable)

# rpm -qpi rsync-2.5.7-5.3E.i386.rpm | grep Relocations
Name        : rsync                        Relocations: /usr

According to the aforementioned instances, rsync is relocatable, but the centos-lsb package is not. This means that you can use the rpm option --prefix to install the rsync package into a separate directory, such as /opt:

# rpm -ivh --prefix=/opt rsync-2.5.7-5.3E.i386.rpm
To verify whether the rpm package is installed in /opt, use the command rpm -ql rsync. Below is a sample output:
# rpm -ql rsync
CentOS / AlmaLinux does not support relocating packages marked as not relocatable. CentOS thus only supports the relocation of relocatable packages.

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